|Record no.||Notes, topics or text|
BR thanks the van der Hoops for their kindness while he stayed with them in Holland and reports that his journey home was smooth. He comments on nationalism and culture.
Full text. Rifaat is Minister Secretary of the Arab Socialist Union, U.A.R. Rifaat tells BR his talks with Nicholas Johnson were "very fruitful", and that Al-Ahram published BR's article on Saudi Arabia. Rifaat suggested that BR send a "lengthy article re nonalignment for the monthly Arab magazine El Katib." See record 68249. At the foot of the page, in Schoenman's hand, is a draft of a cabled response sent 12 September 1964.
Article in preparation and will be sent shortly. Eagerly awaiting decision regarding our proposals. Kind regards B.R.
BR declines an invitation to the Fourth Erewhon Dinner. The date is taken from the date of the dinner; BR's reply would have been earlier.
BR declines an invitation to the Sixth Erewhon Dinner.
BR doubts he will be in London on 1957/05/23 to see Piper.
BR writes about the first paragraph of his article "Government by Propaganda" for the Encyclopaedia Britannica's These Eventful Years. BR notes that he's had to add in material that had been in footnotes, especially a reference to Frederick Chamberlin in regard to Cardinal Allen's Admonition, and requests that these changes be kept.
The document is lacking at least the salutation and possibly some words at the top of the 2nd page.
BR thanks Bacal for his kind letter and hopes "you will raise your voice for peace and survival".
The carbon copy is available at record 32082.
BR sends literature on the BRPF outlining the aims of the organization. He requests financial support and suggestions of names of anyone else who might be interested.
The typed carbon is available at record 11427.
BR encloses a sheet with three copies of his signature because he cannot sign three books in person.
BR admires Halfill's opposition to capital punishment and the military machine.
The typed carbon is available at record 24224.
This extract from the original letter (which may not be to Liveright himself but to a member of his firm) appeared in Swann Auction Galleries description on 22 May 2014 of a lot of 9 items signed by BR to "agents of his publisher Liveright". See record 131525.
"Thank you for ... the enclosed proof of an advertisement which I like very much. I am amused to find myself regarded as saying the modern equivalent of St. John's Gospel...." The ad is probably for The Conquest of Happiness, which was published by Liveright in October 1930.
BR has filled out a card by hand indicating that the topic of his talk on 1938/05/12 at the meeting of the City of London Group of the Peace Pledge Union will be "Can War Stop Fascism?". A note was added to say that a reminder was sent to BR on 1938/05/06 in an unknown hand.
The meeting in question is not in the Papers 21 chronology.
BR sends ("subjoins") his autograph.
BR sends a photograph of himself at a Committee of 100 demonstration in lieu of a poem.
The typed carbon is available at 25966.
A covering letter to an enclosed letter regarding Griffin Barry (not present). The enclosure is probably the letter of the same date to the editor published in The Nation and the Athenaeum on 23 August 1930.
The letter was presumably intended for H.D. Henderson, who edited The Nation and the Athenaeum from 1923 to 1930.
BR will undertake his next book (The Conquest of Happiness) after Marriage and Morals on the terms in Liveright's letter of 1928/10/22: £500 on signing the contract and £500 on publication, as an advance on royalties at 15%. BR says he will finish it in the summer of 1930. He appreciates the work they did on Education and the Good Life.
The image ppeared in Swann Auction Galleries description on 22 May 2014 of a lot of 9 items signed by BR to "agents of his publisher Liveright". See record 131520. The 9 items are described as 2 autograph letters, 5 typed letters, and 2 endorsed cheques, dating from 1928 to 1956.
BR apologizes for not being able to reply sooner or to accept the invitation: he has been overwhelmed by mail since his release from prison. BR has made a small correction in the wording, replacing "previous to now" with "before now".
The uncorrected typed carbon is available at 44218.
30 Sydney Str SW3
Dear Mr. Harrod
I am very sorry, I haven't been working at philosophy lately, & shan't be for another 2 months or so, so I can't give you a paper just now. I could probably give one next autumn, but just at present I have no time for philosophical work. I should like to come & read a paper to the Jowett Society when it is possible.
Yours very truly
"I have just seen the Dr." Mouth cancer proved unreal.
A piece of clear plastic (possibly exposed film) was inserted between pp. 46-7 of The Poetical Works of William Blake (Russell's Library, no. 948). The "poetical sketch" on these pages is titled "Contemplation".
The book's ribbon marker is between pp. 446–7 of The Oxford Book of Italian Verse (Russell's Library, no. 941), where Leopardi's "L'Infinito" is printed.
The first two pages of Jean Piaget's "Classes, Relations et Nombres" was inserted between the end paper and the second to last page of Gottlob Frege's Begriffsschrift, eine der arithmetischen nachgebildete Formelsprache des reinen Denkens (Russell's Library, no. 89). The note written on the first page, reads: "Au grand logicien br, le fondateur de la logistique moderne Hommage respectueux d'un psychologue, neophyte en logistique Jean Piaget, Genéve le 19 juin 1946."
Two borrower's cards were inserted between pp. iv-v of William James' The Principles of Psychology (Russell's Library, no. 661). Both cards note Russell's address as Little Datchet Farm, he borrowed J.D.S. Pendlebury's The Archaeology of Crete and Vere Gordon Childe's New Light on the Most Ancient East.
Six pages of notes were found in Russell's copy of Analysis of Mind (Russell's Library no. 3090). The first set of pages, numbered 1-3, are title: Corrections in "Analysis of Mind". The second set, also numbered 1-3, is titled: Desire and Purpose.
An envelope was inserted between pp. 214-5 of John Stuart Mill's Autobiography (Russell's Library, no. 1074).
A George Routledge & Sons business reply card was inserted between pp. 188-9 (on memory) of John B. Watson's Behaviorism (Russell's Library, no. 1615).
BR thanks the president for his letter and a brochure. The name of this NGO translates as "Respect Age International".
The typed carbon is at record no. 108448.
BR feels the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament's current policy will only be effective by endorsing civil disobedience. He plans to make a statement to this effect at his first opportunity. He invites Muirhead to join "The Committee of 100" and requests an early reply.
Muirhead responds to BR's letter of 2 Oct. 1960, record 131537, indicating his interest in the formation of the Committee of 100 for civil disobedience against nuclear warfare.
"I have not studied Existentialism at all carefully but what I know of it makes me think that it is rubbish." Also on romanticism.
BR requests the recipient notify him of any papers he or others may possess relating to him or his family. The recipient's name and address has been cut out of the letter, but it was mailed to an address in New York City. The recipient could have been the auction house of Charles Hamilton, who in 1963 had sold 4 letters from BR to John Barran (B&R J63.01). BR's request was in an effort to enlarge the Russell Archives before their sale. He also wrote to Lester Denonn and K. Blackwell in the same vein.
A top corner from a sheet of lined paper was inserted between pp. 6-7 of G. Lowes Dickinson's The Meaning of Good (Russell's Library, no. 1762).
Patricia is concerned that BR will find the furnishing of the house dull, but colour will come. BR is to buy John and Kate's presents himself. Patricia has spent $1000 on furniture, partly on credit, and the total will probably come to $3000.
The present record has been created for the message to Ottoline Morrell in record 19326. "Dear Miss Rinder—Many thanks for your letter, which was full of just the things I wished to know." BR forgot to tell Frank Russell that his letters must not be circulated to any one with the messages left in.
The message begins "To Lady O. Very many thanks for message. Will send Madame de Boigne."
The letter also contains messages to Constance Malleson (using 4 identities: giver of the green vase, her stage initials, G.J., and Percy), Ottoline Morrell, Elizabeth Russell, Ernest H. Hunter.
There are three transcriptions of this letter:
BR thanks Parkhurst for her letter and book, Beauty: an Interpretation of Art and the Imaginative Life (1930). He has "greatly admired" the pictures and hopes to read the book soon. BR says her letter makes his "mouth water with all the lovely places you have been seeing". He has not been to the Near East or Greece. BR alludes to a large dinner where they had met before, wishing that they could meet again, but doubts that it will happen.
Parkhurst was a graduate of Bryn Mawr in 1911, 1913 and 1917 (Ph.D., philosophy). She was a Guggenheim fellow: appointed for the preparation of a work on the aesthetics of architecture, abroad; tenure, twelve months from July 15, 1931.
The letter, written in French, details the book Subercaseaux wrote. The letter was included with a copy of Subercaseux's Jemmy Button, inscribed to Russell.
The image is of a copyedited letter to the newspaper with 8 original signatures. It is a new appearance of B&R F37.01, reprinted in Papers 21: App. XII. It was offered for sale in July 2017 at https://www.sophiedupreautographs.com/.
Omitted from the list of signatories are 3 office-holders of the Society.
BR thanks Mikhailusenko for his letter of 8 August 1962 and is glad that he shares BR's nuclear war concerns. The signature appears to be secretarial.
A typed carbon is available at record 100811.
In the Abebooks entry this and 3 other letters are described as follows:
"July-September 1962., 1962. Four letters with their envelopes. 4to and oblong 8vo. Altogether 6 pp. on 6 ff. All addressed to the Russian journalist and poet Igor Mikhailusenko (b. 1932) concerning Russia and the cold war: "[.] I believe that the two German States are equally dangerous. Western Germany is fanatically obsessed with the cold war and Eastern Germany is a cruel, vicious tyranny, capable of keeping its population within its borders only with barbed wire and machine guns. I think that the Government of the Soviet Union and the Government of the United States have a responsibility to come to an agreement which reflects the interests of peace and not the interests of either German State. I think that the problem of West Berlin could be solved in several ways. One would be for a united Berlin to become the seat of the United Nations, another would be for West and East Berlin to become a neutral city under the jurisdiction of the United Nations, and another would be for Berlin to become autonomous, protected through agreement by both East and West [.]" (from the letter of September 5, 1962). - Together with a flyer for Russell's Committee of 100 mass sit-down, originally scheduled for September 9, 1962, but canceled for lack of support. - Generally good, sizes vary." Seller: Antiquariat INLIBRIS Gilhofer Nfg. GmbH.
BR cannot contribute a requested review, because he has too much work on hand. He acknowledges that it would provide him a chance to refute accusations of anti-Semitism against him "without the faintest basis of truth". The book to be reviewed is not identified.
BR will not be able to write a review in the near future. He is about to go to Sicily for a much needed holiday.
Record 124109 covers 4 letters (1934-56) sold at a Sotheby's auction in 1973. One is said to concern "going to Norway and Berlin for the Foreign Office", so it was 1948. In 2017 the same letter came up for sale again, this time at Antiquariat Inlibris, Gilhofer Nfg. GmbH, with the image attached to this record.
The seller's description, including partial transcription of the unshown verso, is as follows:
"Small 4to. 1½ pp. To the British couturière and feminist Elspeth Fox Pitt, née Phelps (1877-1968), thanking for an invitation for himself and his wife "Peter" (i. e. Patricia, née Spence): "[.] Peter + I both wish we could accept it, but [.] I am going to Norway for the British Council, & then to Berlin for the Foreign Office, & while I am away Peter has to look after our son Conrad. However, after the end of October we shall be in London, at 18 Dorset House [.] Dorset House has a restaurant, so we can always give you a meal without difficulty [.]". - On bluish stationery with printed address."
BR asks for Rowe's support in joining the about-to-be-formed Committee of 100 in acts of civil disobedience. For Michael Scott's covering letter, see record 131552.
This is a covering letter for BR's letter of invitation to Father Rowe to join the about-to-be-formed Committee of 100. See 131551 for the enclosure, BR's letter.
BR thanks Benjamin for recent newspaper cuttings. BR has recently written several articles for American publications and is anxious to see responses to them.
A typed carbon is available at record 74530.
Patricia supplies a list of points with details on the type of house they are looking to buy or rent in North Wales. A schoolhouse is mentioned; it could well be Penralltgoch in Llan Ffestiniog.
The Russells are concerned about finding a house, having sold Grosvenor Lodge "to-day". Not wanting Crawshay-Williams to have to do all the work, Patricia asks that an advertisement be placed in the local paper and to inform any agents in Portmadoc about the Russells and their needs. Patricia also suggests coming to see places herself or that Crawshay-Williams hire a car and send her the bill.
There is an annotated note describing a house in Barmouth.
Patricia thanks Crawshay-Williams for her report and sends some particulars about a house in Bodethin, Harlech. There is a house in Portmeirion that sounds ideal. The Russells have had to spend the weekend in London because BR collapsed from the flu after doing the Brains Trust with a temperature of 102°, but Patricia has had no luck finding a flat in London. Both BR and Patricia are overworked.
Patricia received a letter from Henry, asking her to write to Lord Newborough. Patricia has left her ration book either on the train or in the Crawshay-William's car, or behind the dresser. Patricia thinks that she and BR will like the cottage despite drawbacks.
The Russells have got the cottage (Penralltgoch in Ffestiniog).
Both Patricia and BR have started reading his book (The Comforts of Unreason). BR is pleased with it. They will be at the Aristotelian on Monday to discuss BR's History and the Brains Trust on Tuesday. Patricia invites Crawshay-Williams to spend any time he is free with them. "We usually have people in on Tuesday evenings".
Patricia apologizes for not being able to attend event. She denies that someone she is fond of would be shocked by Conrad saying "Balls". The woman often says it and worse.
Letter is undated, but likely written between 1947-49.
The Russells may have to let the cottage or stay there all year. Asks if Crawshay-Williams knows anyone who might be interested in a furnished cottage. Patricia needs someone "competent enough to leave in charge of B. and C.'s [Bertie and Colette's] food". She talks of all resigning because the Home Secretary broke his promise of majority representation on the local advisory committee. They go to Sicily about March 22.
Patricia apologizes for being vague about the cook. She explains that BR and Colette had thought to stay in the cottage while Patricia and Conrad were in London, but that it would still belong to Patricia and Conrad during the holidays. Colette won't have a cook. Patricia has offered to leave them the place eventually, insisting that it must either be her cottage or not. BR has decided that he prefers to live there alone while Patricia is in London, so they do still need the cook if she is available or Patricia will have to look for a live-in housekeeper. An important letter on relationships and the cottage.
Patricia apologizes for asking Crawshay-Williams to keep a telegram and for telling him about it. She insists she "intended no evil to Bertie" and is not spreading stories.
Patricia follows up on the postcard sent the day before, with a longer explanation, and asks Crawshay-Williams to be mindful in how he inquires about information on the Russells. Patricia and BR have been "getting on badly, and that both he and I realise that we shall be better apart".
Dated "Easter Sunday". Patricia thanks Crawshay-Williams for her telegram and explains some of what has been happening between BR and Colette. BR "doesn't understand how one can love a house so much."
Apologizes for bringing the Crawshay-Williams' into her troubles. Insists that she does not want them to think ill of BR.
Lionel Giles has inscribed and sent BR a book (A Gallery of Chinese Immortals ). Patricia refers to them swimming in overcoats, which served to date the letter after Norwegian air disaster that BR survived.
This is a transcription by Rupert Crawshay-Williams of a telegram sent from Patricia to BR. Patricia mentions their lawyers and requests money.
On the verso Crawshay-Williams noted what monies were recently paid to her by Allen and Unwin and that at Easter she had a not insubstantial bank balance:
"5 days before this Allen & Unwin had paid £900 to Peter Russell (royalties on Reith Lectures) and this had been acknowledged by her."
"When they had separated April (Easter) £600 in bank at Cambridge and about £1000 in Child's a/c. So she had £1600 about for 7 months — to herself with no income tax."
Patricia acknowledges Pritchard's letter of 8 August and reminds him that he is responsible to her regarding the larch trees at Penralltgoch and no one else. She will write to Mr Morris and also to her lawyer if necessary.
An additional note has been added to the outside of the envelope in a different hand. This is the same hand as the transcribed telegram (see 131568). Note reads: "Peter being bloody-minded about timber from Penralltgoch".
Pritchard inquired about the timber from Penralltgoch and was told that BR had left instructions to D.M. Morriss to send firewood equal in price to the trees. Morriss will either send the logs to Llan Ffestinog or the equivalent in money to Patricia, based on her instruction.
Encloses Moriss' address for Patricia to carry on the correspondence as he sees his role in the matter concluded.
BR sent the MS of the letter with his letter of 14 July 1918 to Ottoline Morrell (record 18680).
"There never was such a place as prison for crowding images...." The letter is identified by Edith Russell as being for Ottoline, even though there is a heading "[For any one whom it may interest]". This identification is found in another transcription, document .007052ft, record 9348b. There is another transcription, Rec. Acq. 14, record 117686.
In the Autobiography both designations are used.
Woods offers BR the appointment of William James Lecturer at Harvard now that John Dewey has finished his term. The position is ten public lectures, as well as a course or seminary for advanced graduate students, as well as publication of the lectures.
Source: Dartmouth University, Rauner Special Collections Library, Grenville Clark papers.
BR is very attempted to accept the William James Lecturer position at Harvard. However, he is concerned that he has not worked on philosophy for a while and would not be able to produce something worthy of Harvard. Also, he promised Dora that he would not take on a position that forced him to leave home again. BR requests time to think about it and write to Dora.
Source: Dartmouth University, Rauner Special Collections Library, Grenville Clark papers.
BR declines the William James lecturer position at Harvard. There is too much work left to Dora when BR is away. "The invitation gave me as much pleasure as the refusal gives me sorrow."
BR filled this position in 1940. See B&R A73.
Source: Dartmouth University, Rauner Special Collections Library, Grenville Clark papers.
BR's note sheet on Hubert Howard is placed after the typed version of the letter dated 1894/11/09 that refers to it. For Frank Russell's original letter, see record 46882.
This is a separate sheet by BR place priof to Frank Russell's letter of 1900/06/12, record 46888, complaining of BR's lack of sympathy when Frank "eloped" with Mrs. Sommerville. BR mentions "A.", who is identified in an earlier note as Mary Morris.
In her letter of 1913/06/05 (record 80408) Mollie Russell (also signed by Frank) invites BR to Telegraph House, mentioning that it is on daylight saving time. This is a note by BR about DST, filed just prior to Frank's letter of 1914/10/04.
A "with the author's compliments" slip was inserted between pp. 60-1 of Linus Pauling's No More War! (Russell's Library, no. 2167).
Lenzen encloses (not present) his article on being a student of Russell's for Russell and a 2-year subscription. He offers to be of further service.
Lenzen is sending his notebook "which contains the notes on Russell's lectures to the class on Theory of Knowledge at Harvard during the spring term of 1914, the notebook to be deposited in the Bertrand Russell Archives. The Archivist shall control the use that is made of the notebook." See Rec. Acq. 133b.
The Bancroft Library is to have a photocopy of the notebook on theory of knowledge. They have the originals of Lenzen's term paper for BR and BR's comments.
A critical appraisal of Harry T. Costello's accounts of Russell's visit to Harvard.
Lenzen sends $4 for another 2 years' subscription to Russell.
Lenzen, having discovered that Russell's subscriptions now cost $3, encloses (not present) a cheque for $2 to make up the difference (see record 131584).
Lenzen grants K. Blackwell authority to give others permission to quote from his article in Russell.
Blackwell's replies to Lenzen's individually catalogued letters. They discuss many aspects of Russell's life and thought in 1914, including "Theory of Knowledge", Harry T. Costello, Wittgenstein, Jean Nicod, Ottoline Morrell, Constance Malleson, and Lenzen's assignment to "the Archivist" to approve all manner of use of his notebook (Rec. Acq. 133b).
Mrs. Lenzen tells Blackwell that Victor Lenzen died on 18 July 1975. She pays for another year of Russell.
Darlene Booth, Diane Kerss and Blackwell are very sorry to learn of Victor Lenzen's death. Blackwell asks to whom Mrs. Lenzen's renewed subscription should be sent. (There was no reply.)
BR's views on his immediate future after release from Brixton seem to be reported directly at several spots throughout the letter. The text is therefore to be found in the Transcription field. The handwritten copy is prefaced: "W.G.R. → GM".
A card autographed by BR. An unidentified hand has added "In prison. June 18, 1918". This dating may well be correct. 18 June was a Tuesday, and the normal visiting day for BR was a Tuesday or a Wednesday. The signature is like other examples in 1918, particularly that on a letter to Lady Annesley (Colette's mother).
A publisher's card was inserted between pp. 80-1 of Henri Bergson's Laughter (Russell's Library, no. 1014). The card requests that notice be sent to the publishers if the book is mentioned in publication.
Newman gives permission for two of his letters to BR to be copied. He would like copies himself. "From the letter of Russell to me printed in his Autobiography, vol II I had supposed that he gave up the Causal Theory of Perception as a result of my article, but perhaps there is some modified version."
The first line of this untitled typescript is "Despair in regard to the world is difficult to ward off in these days." Originally a MS of 2 leaves, it was enclosed with BR's letter to Lady Ottoline of 16 June 1918. He wrote: "Please send the next two sheets to C.A. (Hawse End Keswick) after reading them." Gladys Rinder wrote BR about it in a letter of very late June or early July: "CA sent me that note and asked me to have part of copied. You have put into words what many of us have been groping for.... I do so thoroughly agree with what you say about 'serving the world' through 'the positive desire to nourish life in the world rather than minister to death.'" The quotations are from the writing. Siegfried Sassoon, who was shown the writing, regarded it as a letter to Lady Ottoline. He remarked that death was a stimulus to life. "All this has been said before, of course. Bertrand Russell said it, very finely, in a letter (to Ottoline Morrell) written in 1918, when he was in prison: "'I wish to have the vigour and capacity to keep better ideals alive among a minority.... We have to stand out against this hysteria and realise, and make others realise, that life, not death (however heroic) is the source of all good.' I ask no better credo than that." (Diaries 1920–1922, ed. Rupert Hart-Davis [London: Faber and Faber, 1981], p. 1922).
A transcription of the original letter, document .079957, record 46911. There is also a carbon of this transcription, document .079958a.
See record 46911 for a complete description of this letter.
"Dear Miss Rinder, Thanks for letter." The original letter is not present. This is a typed extract of the letter titled, "Extracts from Letters written by the Hon. Bertrand Russell in Brixton Prison, August 1918".
This letter is part of "Extracts from Letters Written by the Hon. Bertrand Russell in Brixton Prison, August 1918", sent to Gilbert Murray. "Dear Miss Rinder, your letter has not yet arrived, but I will begin with various odds and ends." The original letter is no longer extant.
There are four other transcriptions of this letter which contain a paragraph about the canary and the ourang-outang but they are not complete:
Document .054846, record 79640.
This extract is from "Extracts from Letters Written by the Hon. Bertrand Russell in Brixton Prison, August 1918".
The original letter is not present, and unlike the other two letters that appear in this extract, there are no lengthier transcriptions. The transcription that does exist, document .054847, record 79641 matches this extract in content.
The letter contains a message for Robert Trevelyan re his book about Tibet. BR has been thinking about knowledge. (Although the extract indicates that there are messages for Miss Wrinch, Stanley Unwin, etc., those messages do not appear here.)
Lasky's letterhead note reads: "With the compliments of The Editor". It is found in a copy of Der Monat, no. 1 (Oct. 1948), among BR's periodicals.
BR notes that they have been following Ross's efforts "with great interest and approval". Invites Ross to form a New Zealand branch of the BRPF and act as chair. BR includes a draft of the Annual Report.
The letter was found on Nuclear Free Peacemakers:
BR thanks Hatton for his letter of 1954/08/27 (Record 24381) and the two books of Jamaica stories. BR encloses some photographs and a copy of The Good Citizen's Alphabet.
Hatton's response is record 24382.
Note from bookseller:
This book was mailed by Russel to Mr. John F. Hatton in Toronto, Ontario. Included are also handwritten drafts from Hatton's letter to Russel, and Russel's signed response from his station in Richmond, Surrey. A real photo post card of Bertrand Russell by Ida Kar is included here. Jacket spine sunned, with small tears to head. Slight rubbing to boards, extremities and the boards a little bowed but otherwise a nice copy. John Frederick Hatton [1921-2006] enrolled in Victoria College, at the University of Toronto, in 1943. He ultimately graduated with an MA in English and Philosophy in 1947. When he began his studies at university, it was his intention to become a minister with the United Church of Canada; he had even won a scholarship to pursue this path. However, as he studied philosophy for a number of years at the university, his thoughts took a different turn. He immersed himself in both Western and Eastern philosophy and logic. Ultimately, he encountered the writings of Bertrand Russell, and became convinced that a role within the traditional religious institution was no longer his aspiration. While he abjured conventional religious orthodoxy, he did carry a deep spirituality and sense of responsibility to humanity in general. He was unable to serve in the army in World War II for medical reasons; instead, he was passionate about assisting those who had lost family-members overseas. In addition, he wrote letters to governments all over the world strongly advocating peace and the futility of war. Russell's work resounded with John, and as a result he advocated logic and rational ideas towards the goal of peace. John shared Russell's view that religion was little more than superstition, and was largely harmful to people. He believed that religion and religious outlook served to impede knowledge and was responsible for much of our world's wars and violence. In 1954, Mr. Hatton wrote to Bertrand Russell expressing his admiration and esteem for the philosopher's works. Bertrand Russell graciously responded with an autographed copy of The Good Citizen's Alphabet and two photographs. Both men were members of the British Humanist Association and the Rationalist Association