Record no. Notes, topics or text

Nature presents BR with a complimentary copy of Gardner Murphy's Human Potentialities.


"I am too busy to write anything specially for your journal, but, if anything already published by me seems to you suitable, I should be happy to let you reprint it...."


"Review done and sent".


A "with the compliments of the New Statesman" slip. Enclosed is the proof of an article to be published in New Statesman on December 21, 1957.


This letter from the Secretary to the King of Sweden was enclosed with Scott-James's letter to BR (see record 83397).


"Not for publication".

In Edith Russell's hand there is a note: "This statement was given out to the Press by the National Headquarters in a different order and with unauthorized embellishments, so that, in the Press, it was not the statement agreed upon."


Gillies encloses (not present) his draft of The Communist Solar System for J. Compton, G. Lansbury, H. Morrison and R. (?) O. Roberts.



This letter was enclosed with BR's letter to Foges, of Rathbone Books (see record 85579).


Full text. On the scope of Wisdom of the West. See Foulkes' response on 26 July 1957 (record 85611) to the letter BR actually sent (it must have been similar or BR would not have preserved the fragment in his publishing files).

A fragment of a letter. It is in BR's hand with a deletion line on both sides of the sheet, which is numbered 2. The text is as follows:

In my History, I tried to preserve the same standard of importance in modern as in earlier times, and to include only men who had some new idea, good or bad. For this reason, I included Darwin but not Herbert Spencer. One tends to have a lower standard for what is recent.

If you feel strongly about the people I have ignored and whom you wish to include, some adjustment will be necessary. I will not do the work myself, but there might be a suggestion of its being done by you or any one approved by the editors, provided due acknowledgment was made and due financial compensation provided for the parts not derived from my book. I see, however, grave objections to such a course; the whole thing could no longer be announced with only my name in the title. It is quite a new suggestion that people not in my "History" should be included. I was promised that very little work would be required of me, and signed the contract on this understanding. I shall be glad to hear your views.
Yours sincerely
Bertrand Russell.


Gutmann thanks Gillies for his answers to Gutmann's questions. See record 60458.


"Interview for Scanteia (Romania)".


A summary of BR's reply to Harris in Sheila Zinkin's hand, and possibly communicated by her, which appears on Harris's letter to BR (see record 60525).

"Great many requests for articles. Impossible to fulfil them all. What fee is he proposing to offer?"


Full text. BR has written a reply on the bottom of the telegram. See record 5192. In Edith Russell's hand at the top of the incoming telegram says: "Answered by cable 14 October 1959".

Deeply regret engagements here make acceptance of your invitation impossible. Russell.


A summary of BR's reply (or Zinkin's for him) to Wintle is on Wintle's letter of 3 May 1951 to BR, record 60801.

"Yes to No. 1 article". [That article is "What Communists Really Think of Christian (or Islamic) Socialists."]


A "with compliments of the author" slip was inserted between pp. 66-7 of Pius XI's pamphlet Christian Marriage (Russell's Library, no. 218), but it is not supposed that the slip came from the pope. At the rear BR listed several pages on which he had left marginal marks. He referred to the pamphlet in Religion and Science (Oxford University Press, 1935), p. 106.


An internal memo re BR's script "What the European Victory Means to China"—to be "broadcast as a postscript one day soon after the cessation of the fighting in Europe".

Sam and Alexander discussed this by telephone on Friday, May 4. BR "has now sent us a script of a thousand words entitled `What the European Victory Means to China'. The script is perfectly acceptable and it will be broadcast as a postscript one day soon after the cessation of the fighting in Europe." Sam provides BR's address (GLC). A part of the letter to BR (record 57722) is drafted by hand on the memo.


Molesworth is Director of Talks for ABC. The letter confirms that BR will record another 13 1/2 minute talk, to be broadcast on 23 August as a farewell broadcast. Molesworth attaches 2 copies of each of BR's 4 broadcasts to date (not present) and is glad "the photographs" arrived safely.

This carbon, typed on ABC letterhead, is marked "COPY" and was sent to Caiger of the AIIA. The image of the letter was sent to the Russell Archives by J.M. Grant on 2 September 2015, although there was already a copy (but catalogued) in Rec. Acq. 291D.


Concerning BR's lectures in Australia.

"I have got to Russell business. ... Everything ready to post off tomorrow. Nothing more to do until Russell answers a letter I am sending, and ... the machining should work out itself—if Caiger does not miss things."


Concerning BR's lectures in Australia.

"I went to Russell's first public lecture last night. There I found myself next to Harold Nicholas, and Grave <?> beside him whom I had heard was ill. The lecture on population as obstacle to world government, was very well done and pleased people generally—including Harold. Nothing new but bringing together forcibly and clearly a number of relevant facts with Sardonic asides ('The world wars have been very disappointing in respect to excess population' and the like)."


Caiger had lunch with Lady Scott and Diana Dyason and talked over the situation about BR visiting Australia. Caiger wrote to Giblin about this (and encloses the letter which is not present).

"Until we know the answer to the questions in that letter we cannot make any further move, but I can assure you that every effort will be made to ensure that Lord Russell is enabled to visit Australia as planned by your husband. Indications are that a large measure of support will be forthcoming."

Also in file: TL(X).


"With regard to the Russell tour you will no doubt have found out by now that the answers to most of the questions raised in your letter to Prof. Giblin are to be found in the copy letters sent out by E.C. Dyason last July. I would only like to emphasize that the arrangements with Lord Russell were definitely agreed between him and E.C. Dyason and were stated by E.C. Dyason to be binding on his heirs, executors and assigns. In particular:—
1. Lord Russell is to travel by air both ways
2. His wife is not accompanying him
3. The fee in addition to his normal travelling and hotel expenses is to be £600."


"I suppose there is no reason why the various Branches of the A.I.I.A. which will benefit so much by Lord Russell's visit, should not raise funds for it ... perhaps a quota from each Branch according to numbers of members? ... The great good luck is that such a man is willing and has promised to come."


"In Sydney, the three lectures will be a series on 'Obstacles to World Government' (a) Food & population (b) Race (c) Creeds (culture, ideology). They can be spread over about 14 days, and it looks as if people could quite reasonably go to only one of them, if their aim was merely celebrity hunting.

In Melbourne, the subject is ''Living' in an Atomic Age' as affecting (a) Institutions and (b) Individuals.

In the other four capitals, the subject will be 'The Ferment in Asia'."


A tentative timetable of BR's Australian lectures, including the dates, locations and topics as well as other details such as the charge of admission.


On BR's Australian lecture tour and Caiger's reply to Belshaw's request that BR should lecture at Armidale. "As you know he is an old man, but he is prepared to fly from place to place. Your request that Armidale should be included has been sympathetically considered. The committee feels that no change can be made in the program now. When Bertrand Russell arrives and has a better appreciation of his task, we will ask him if he can possibly include a brief visit to Armidale."


Giblin quotes from BR's letter, replying to their questions on preparing for BR's visit to Australia.

1) BR thinks that the proposed timetable is "quite satisfactory".
2) BR has no views about hotel accommodations, except that a "central location saves time."
3) BR "... would like to have 'two hours solitude every day when possible, preferably in the morning. This prevents fatigue.' (This amplifies a previous statement that he did not mind dining with people on occasion before a lecture, provided that he had two hours to himself before dinner)."
4) BR would enjoy visiting "places remote from towns" when there is spare time.


"The committee however, has pointed out that the sub titles of his three public lectures in Sydney are not phrased so as to attract an audience. There is no suggestion of any change in material, but they want to know if the three present sub titles "(1) Food and Population. (2) Race. (3) Creeds (Culture, Ideology)" could be worded to make them more attractive."

"A large number of people will come to hear B. Russell, but it is felt that as the title for the series is somewhat negative 'Obstacles to World Government', those who are doubtful will not be encouraged to come by these present sub titles. ... Would you contact B. Russell by air mail on this matter, as N.S.W. Branch wishes to present publicity material as soon as possible."


BR apologizes for the delay in replying to his letter of October 6th because he was pressed with work and had bronchitis.


Listing BR's wants for his trip to Australia.


BR informs his aunt that he is standing against the Chaplin at Wimbledon as "... primarily a Women's Suffrage candidate, but subject to the claims of the Suffrage, a Free Trader and a Liberal." The National Union hopes that she will give her support.

BR sent this letter from 25 Victoria Street.


"Exceedingly sorry cannot serve you. I think our Government has a right to expect that Liberals shall stand as party candidates, and I regret you stand as independent candidate and not as an avowed supporter of Campbell Bannerman. Moreover I never personally help a candidate unless he is pledged to Local Veto and against Disinterested Management."


"Following our telephone conversation concerned with the arrival of Bertrand Russell, we feel at this point that the Newsreel interview would conveniently be carried at press conference, which will be held a short time after this gentleman arrives in Sydney."


Cowper informs the Editor of the Sunday Morning Herald of an error made in the opening sentence of their article about BR printed on June 2nd, stating that BR's visit to Australia is sponsored by the university. "His visit is not University sponsored."


Caiger suggests that he could accompany BR on his Australian lecture tour.

Enclosed is the schedule of BR's lectures in New South Wales.


A confirmation for Albert Hall to be booked for a public meeting to be addressed by BR on July 19, 1950.

"As Bertrand Russell departs on the 20th for Melbourne, it was intended that Wednesday the 19th of July should be the date of his public meeting in Canberra."


On BR's Australian lecture tour in 1950.

"As you must have realized from the newspaper accounts and possibly from his broadcast on Sunday, Lord Russell's visit has begun very well indeed. He is extremely co-operative. He has stated that he wishes to give priority to his public lectures to ensure their success. The first lecture on Monday night set a high standard, which I am confident that he will more than maintain."


On BR's Australian lecture tour in 1950.

Ramsay asks Caiger if BR could give fewer newspaper interviews as BR's views are already appearing in the press and he worries that people will only read what he has said in the lectures, instead of people actually going to attend one or more of his lectures.

"I suppose you have heard that the Milne Lecture went off more than satisfactorily. There was a large crowd and the fact that General Chapman couldn't even find a seat at 5 to 8 and had to go home again was a little unfortunate, but at least it was typical of the number we had present. The Prime Minister was really splendid and I feel that the whole thing was a credit to the Institute."


On BR's visit to Australia lecture in 1950.

"I have just written to Lady Scott, telling her that Lord Russell will be pleased to accept her invitation for dinner for July 24th."


On BR's visit to Australia lecture in 1950.

"Lord Russell's visit to Brisbane has been a great success in every way. The public lecture was crowded to capacity and last night the Governor came to the address to the Institute."

"... Lord Russell was enabled to have a less strenuous time after Sydney. On Wednesday he motored up to Toowoomba, stayed the night and motored back on Thursday." BR is looking forward to seeing the Barrier Reef and North Queensland in his spare time. "Lord Russell is anxious to see how the white man has faced up to the problems of development in tropical areas as well as to see something of what remains of the undeveloped fertile areas of Australia." BR will be in Canberra on Monday July 17th.


On BR's visit to Australia lecture in 1950.

"Lord Russell will arrive by plane from Canberra at 2.35 p.m. on Thursday, July 20th. He has specially said that he would prefer not to be interviewed at the plane, and has suggested a press interview in his suite at Menzies Hotel."

This same letter was also sent to Roy Curthoys (Australian correspondent for The New York Times and also an occasional writer for the Melbourne Herald).


Enclosed is Caiger's plans for a farewell lunch for BR at the end of his lecture tour in Australia.

"At the lunch Lord Russell could make his farewell speech to Australia. This could be recorded by the ABC and either broadcast direct or replayed later."


The ABC has agreed to record BR's farewell speech to Australia at 5.30 to 6.00 p.m. on Monday August 21st.

BR has agreed to speak to a luncheon on August 23rd but does not wish the talk to be broadcast.


Caiger encloses a draft of the tickets to be printed for BR's luncheon to be held at the Trocadero on Wednesday August 23rd, 1950, where he will give his farewell speech to Australia.


On BR's Australian lecture tour in 1950.

"Lord Russell is a most charming person, very simple and pleasant to meet, with no fuss, and is most co-operative. ... The response to the lectures here was terrific—the hall we had the lectures in holds 1,150. There were about 100 standing, and about 450 at an overflow meeting to which the lectures were relayed. He holds his audiences amazingly—practically no coughing, which is most unusual in Melbourne. ... Lord Russell did quite a bit of work here on articles and correspondence, and we arranged for a stenographer from a typing agency for him, and also for some copying to be done by an agency."


"Confidential". Enclosed with Alan Wood's letter of same date (record 70719). Re George Bilainkin's custody battle.



An excerpt from a letter to Mrs. G.E. Moore. BR states that "on the whole" he is in disagreement with Wittgenstein: "... the only thing I regard as really necessary is mathematical logic...."

This excerpt appeared in the Sotheby & Co. Catalogue of Valuable Autograph Letters, Literary Manuscripts & Historical Documents, volume one, page 183. Also on the same page appear records of two letters from Wittgenstein to Mrs. G.E. Moore. The one record of the letter includes a printed copy of the letter itself.


An excerpt from BR's typed letter signed to an agent for Rockwell Kent, declining to review a book, found in the Swann Galleries, Inc. auction of December 12, 1985 leaflet.

"I am entirely occupied with anti-nuclear writings...."


An excerpt from BR's handwritten signed letter to Lady Rennell, found in the Charles Hamilton: Auction Number 54 on 9 December 1971: "... I do not feel if the new symbol you suggest could have any effect upon the course of the world. In fact, I think there are already too many symbols, and that more would only increase confusion...."

The same excerpt from the same letter is also found in The Collector (no. 55, 1992) a catalogue issued by Walter R. Benjamin Autographs, Inc.


Two photocopies of an excerpt from BR's handwritten signed letter to Lionel Britton, found in James Lowe Autographs Ltd.: Catalogue 10.

"... I do not know why Read thought this book [probably Brain] would infuriate philosophers; it certainly does not infuriate me ... its philosophy is closely similar to that of my still unpublished Human Knowledge—even sometimes in small details, as in how we know a shadow to be ours (p. 450). The whole conception of the relation of the world to private experience is the same as my own. ... I liked the advice to make a synopsis of 100 words, then 10 chapters, etc., and to make analyses of existing books. I did exactly this in adolescence, for my style of book. I was less convinced by the advice to analyse 1000 thrillers before writing one ... when it comes to 'inspiration at will', I confess I am unconvinced. ... Shaw should be instanced as having a scientific outlook (p. 313); he is anti-scientific and anti-rational. ... A general idea is primarily a general work; a word is a class of closely similar particulars. What is called 'abstraction' consists in obviously similar reactions to not obviously similar stimuli...."


An excerpt from a handwritten letter signed to Mr. Marres, found in the Heritage Book Shop: Autographs and Manuscripts, Catalogue 178 (1990): "I hope enclosed will do. I have just avoided writing it on the tenth anniversary of Pearl Harbour!"


An excerpt from a letter to Mrs. Donaldson, found in Charles Hamilton Galleries: Auction No. 117, 18 January 1979, p. 37, item 85. The first sentence was quoted also in American Book-Prices Current, Vol. 85: 1978–1979 (New York: Bancroft and Parkman, 1979), p. 1,020.

"I shall be immensely interested in the albino rats, but I hope I may be allowed also to be interested in the human portion of the household? I could not answer sooner as my time was fully taken up by our General Election, now happily at an end...."


An excerpt from a letter to Richard Curle on Joseph Conrad, found in Sotheby & Co.: Catalogue of Nineteenth Century and Modern First Editions on 5 December 1972.

"... it is dominated by consciousness of the wildness ... that is to be found everywhere below the surface of things, & ... he is always full of the endeavour to see sanely inspite of Nature's madness...."


An excerpt from a letter to Fuller, about BR's last meeting with her, found in the Sotheby & Co. catalogue of 4 December 1975.

BR tells her that his life has been a busy and "agitated one" and regrets that he has not seen her since their last meeting. BR sympathizes with her over a separation: "... I did entirely (& do) believe in your sincerity in all you said that evening. It all interested me very much indeed....")


An excerpt from a letter to Berlin, announcing that he is moving to Kidlington, found in The Collection of ... R.E.D. Rawlins, Sotheby & Co., London, 2–4 June 1980.

"... I shall be here till Sp. 29, & should be delighted if you would come over for lunch and/or tea–I can't ask any one over to stay, as we are packing up & dismantling...." BR will accept an invitation to read a paper to the Philosophical Society, if the topic is connected with his lectures.


An excerpt from a letter to Sassoon dated June 15, 1917. The letter expresses the involvement of BR in Sassoon's anti-war statement. For an excerpt from a letter of 21 June 1917, see record 130781.

On 15 June, BR asks Sassoon whether he has begun to write out the statement they had discussed.


An excerpt from a letter to Sassoon dated June 21, 1917. The letter expresses the involvement of BR in Sassoon's anti-war statement. For a letter on 15 June 1917, see record 130780.

On 21 June, BR writes, "I like your statement very much indeed. As regards the sentence you have queried you might say that you believe the objects which actuated you & many others in the beginning are now attainable.... I will make inquiries as to publicity...."


An excerpt from a letter to Sir John Barran found in the Charles Hamilton Auction catalogue, no.1 (16 May 1963).

BR vows to return to England again, writing: "America is fun: ... Chicago (where I haven't been) is exactly like Florence in the Renaissance (where, also, I happen not to have been present). Boston is like England, Washington is like Paris, New York is like Ricardo's theory of rent (the houses are 20 stories high), & the people generally are quiet, timid idealists, very impractical & sentimental, & despising wealth ... I flourish, as the parson put it, like the green bay horse...."


An excerpt from a letter to Sir John Barran found in the Charles Hamilton Auction catalogue, no. 1 (16 May 1963).

"... I too should probably find the beery youths & maidens [in Dresden] a trifle repulsive, but I should love the Germans all the same, because I have such a strong prejudice in their favour...."


An excerpt from a letter to Sir John Barran found in the Charles Hamilton Auction catalogue, no.1 (16 May 1963).

"I think you must have remembered the time when you argued for two whole days running because I said pepper & tea were the only necessaries of life...."


An excerpt from a letter to Sir John Barran found in the Charles Hamilton Auction catalogue, no.1 (16 May 1963).

"I hope that you will find being an octogenarian no more unpleasant than I do...."


BR sends a statement (not present) regarding military training.

Source: Comtempo Records (#4408), Southern Historical Collection, Manuscripts Department, Wilson Library, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.


An invoice to BR was inserted between pp. 82-3 of Edgar D. Adrian's The Basis of Sensation: the Action of the Sense Organs (Russell's Library, no. 2885). On the invoice BR has noted 2 page numbers: 83n. and 114; they are not otherwise marked.


BR is sent an enquiry about "... the possible mental, intellectual and philosophical repercussions of space-travel". The printed document has a list of 32 others to whom the enquiry was sent. See record 5415 for the covering letter from Jacques Brunius.


A blank slip of paper was inserted between pp. 50-1 of F.W. Schneidewin's edition of Sophokles (Russell's Library, no. 174).


A blank slip of paper was inserted between the errata and p. 1 of Ad. Franck's La Kabbale ou La Philosophie Religieuse des Hébreux (Russell's Library, no. 179).


BR assures the Society that he understands the circumstances: "`God's workers' deceive in wondrous ways."

Included with the letter is a request ("inserted quite unknown to Lord Russell by his secretary") for donations to the Bertrand Russell Peace Fund. The insert is now taped to the letter. The reply was drafted in Schoenman's hand on the incoming letter at record 82034.

The carbon for this letter is at record 82035. The letter was not published. The original is held in the Adelaide University Archives, which published a story on it with images of BR's letter and of a carbon copy of the Society's letter to BR. (See The carbon omits the first 2 names of the signatories (see record 82034).



An invoice for her typing services from March to April 1923.

At the bottom is an autographed note: "Received with thanks. May 14, 1923. L. Jacobs."


An invoice for her typing service for two copies of "How to be Happy" on August 31 and again on September 19.

At the bottom is an autographed note: "Received with thanks. L. Jacobs. 5.12.25."


An invoice for BR's book purchases.

BR purchased W.H.R. Rivers' Instinct and the Unconscious (Russell's Library, no. 1230), Charles Baudouin's Suggestion and Autosuggestion, Hermann Weyl's Space, Time, Matter (Russell's Library, no. 2761) and the Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale, March 1916.


An invoice for BR's purchase of the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 1910–11.

Attached is a receipt dated May 19, 1922: "Received with thanks Bowes & Bowes".


An invoice for BR's purchase of The Far East Unveiled: An Inner History of Events in Japan and China in the Year 1916 by Frederic Abernethy Coleman.


A royalty statement for BR's Philosophy of Leibniz.


A royalty statement for BR's Why Men Fight and Political Ideals for the period between October 1, 1922 and March 31, 1923.


A royalty statement for BR's Problems of Philosophy for the period between July 1, 1922 and December 31, 1922.


Royalty statements for BR's Principles of Social ReconstructionRoads to FreedomIntroduction to Mathematical PhilosophyPractice and Theory of Bolshevism and Analysis of Mind


An income tax notice of assessment for the period 1921–22.